Guide for writing Santa Fe Mountains Project objections

by The Forest Advocate       Jan 9, 2023

The Santa Fe Mountains Project has been given a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI), which means that the Forest Service has determined the project will not cause unnecessary impacts on either forest resources or the human environment. The project has received a draft approval to commence, without the completion of comprehensive analysis, an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). The objection process is the last opportunity to disagree with the decision.

Along with the decision document, the Forest Service has released the Final Environmental Assessment. The environmental assessment (EA) includes addressing our concerns that were contained in our scoping comments and draft environmental assessment comments.

If you have submitted either Santa Fe Mountains Project scoping comments or draft environmental assessment comments, you have standing to file an objection to the project decision, and to the FONSI. The final approval of the project is subject to the Regional Forester’s decision about whether our objections have enough merit to reverse the FONSI.

Objections need to relate to the content of the comments you have previously submitted. For example, if you wrote about the effect of prescribed burns on air quality, and/or on health, you can object that your concerns about air quality from prescribed burns were not sufficiently addressed in the Final Environmental Assessment. 

 The two most important points are still that an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) should be completed for the project, and that the condition-based approach should not be utilized for analysis of the project (see Guide Points below for more information on condition-based approach.)

 Although the Final Environmental Assessment contains a small amount of new information that was not contained in the Draft Environmental Assessment, the project plan (Proposed Action) has not significantly changed. More often than not, concerns conveyed in our scoping comments and draft EA comments were addressed by the Forest Service by reiterating the same reasoning as before.

 This document is the Forest Service’s response to our comments. They combined similar comments and responded to them. Parts of our draft EA comments are included, with the Forest Service response.

 The best thing to do is to look up your major concerns in the document above, and see how the Forest Service responded. Then you can address what is wrong with their response. Provide references whenever you can.

 The objection process takes more time and energy than writing draft EA comments, but you can still write your objection fairly quickly if you focus on the EIS, condition-based approach and just a few other points that you included in your prior comment(s), that you feel are important for the forest, for our community and our health. 

 We are providing both a short version of the Santa Fe Mountains Project guide points for quicker objections, as well as a more comprehensive version of guide points. These are mostly the same guide points we provided for the draft environmental assessment, and they are still applicable.

To start your objection:

1) Provide your name and address, with telephone number if available. If there are multiple names on an objections, identify the lead objector. Provide a signature if possible.

2) State the name of the project — the Santa Fe Mountains Landscape Resiliency Project. Also state the name of the Responsible Official — Acting Forest Supervisor James Duran. And state that the project is located in the Santa Fe National Forest, in the Espanola and Pecos – Las Vegas Ranger Districts.

3) State the aspects of the proposed project addressed by your objection, such as effects of thinning on wildlife, or the effects of prescribed burn smoke on public health. Explain why you believe the Final Environmental Assessment violates law, regulation or policy, and suggest remedies that would resolve the objection. The primary remedy would be to complete an EIS.

4) Provide a statement that demonstrates connection between your previous comments and the content of the objection. You could say for example, “In my draft environmental assessment comments I stated (quote  something from your previous comments), and the Forest Service has not addressed this issue sufficiently (in the Final Environmental Assessment.)” Then explain what is incorrect or lacking in their response.

5) State what actions would resolve your objection(s).

6) Submit to:

By US Mail –

Regional Forester,

333 Broadway Blvd SE

Albuquerque, NM, 87102

By email –


Here are the official Forest Service instructions on how to object to the Santa Fe Mountains Landscape Resiliency Project.

Short version guide points:

1) A comprehensive Environmental Impact Statement, with a full range of alternatives, must be completed for this project. This project is very controversial. The effects on the human environment and forest resources have not been adequately analyzed.

2) The condition-based approach must not be utilized in the analysis of this project. Site-specific information must be provided.

3) A broad range of the best available science must be incorporated in the planning and analysis of this project. That has not been done so far, and science that does not support the Proposed Action has been largely ignored.

4) The public must be genuinely included in project planning. The public’s concerns have not been seriously taken into account in relation to their requests that prescribed burning be decreased and health impacts from prescribed burn smoke documented and considered, and in relation to their request that a conservation approach be taken in the planning of the project. The Forest Service has minimized publicly what they intend to do, and what the potential impacts could be.

5)  The potential for escaped prescribed burns must be considered, such as the escaped burns that caused the Hermits Peak/Calf Canyon Fire. There is no mention of the possibility, risks or effects of escaped prescribed burns in the Santa Fe Mountains Project Final environmental assessment. 


Comprehensive guide points:

1) An Environmental Impact Statement must be completed for the project.

— A EIS is required when a project has significant impacts on the human environment that is controversial, and when a project damages forest resources

— A range of alternatives is required. “Action” and “No Action” are not enough. There must be other alternatives, including a conservation alternative. This project is complex and has a substantial impact on the public. A range of alternatives will provide options to find a solution that is acceptable to the public and beneficial for the forest ecosystem.

— The frequent prescribed burn smoke in the mountains outside of Santa Fe would have a substantial adverse impact on human health. It is in no way proven that prescribed burns substantially replace wildfire or that prescribed burns do not increase the amount of smoke we breathe. In fact, indications are that prescribed burns are largely in addition to wildfire. The Forest Service must do the analysis to determine how much more smoke the public will be breathing as a result of this project, compared to the “No Action” alternative.

— Widespread and aggressive thinning and burning does not improve the scenic quality of the forest;  it degrades it.

2) The condition-based approach should not be used for the analysis of this project.

— The parameters for treatments are so generalized that we know neither where the treatments will occur nor how they will be carried out in a site-specific way.

— The EA contains maps that show potential thinning/burning units across the project area, but it is also stated that treatments may be implemented outside of the areas designated on the maps: “The actual location of forest treatments would occur where deemed appropriate at the time of implementation.” (Final Environmental Assessment, p. 44) 

— Residents of forest communities want to know if thinning will occur adjacent to communities, and how severely.

— We need more information about where and how treatments would occur in Inventoried Roadless Areas, which are intended to be preserved in a natural state.

3) The environmental assessment analysis does not use a broad range of the best available scientific information

— The Forest Service used studies done by scientists that agree with their ecological perspective and virtually none from scientists with a conservation perspective.

— The areas of the project where thinning and repeated prescribed burning is done will be essentially lacking an understory. There were no references in the environmental assessment to indicate that historical forests had no substantive understory. The existence of an understory is a natural condition at this time, and beneficial to some wildlife species.

— The analysis over-relies on fire scar studies to reconstruct historical fire regimes, and it provides no discussion of limitations of such studies. Limitations include that the fire scar studies utilized a small number of plot samples, and that trees that burned at high intensity no longer exist. Multiple lines of evidence are necessary.

— The analysis assumes that proposed fuel treatments will be beneficial to Mexican spotted owls when there are a number of studies calling that into question.

— There is no analysis of the health effects of the increased amount of smoke the public will breathe due to prescribed burning.

— There is no analysis that estimates how much smoke that is emitted by wildfire compared with the combination of prescribed burns and wildfire. 

— Burning every 5-15 years is too frequent and does not allow the understory to return.

— High severity fire is defined in the environmental assessment as over 75% tree mortality, while most studies define high severity fire as 90% tree mortality. As a result, the potential for high severity fire is overstated.

— Thinning from approximately 500 trees per acre down to 2-50 trees per acre is approaching a clearcut. It leaves the forest too dry and open, can cause leave trees to blow over, and allows the wind to whip between trees, fanning up flames in a wildfire.

4) The Forest Service has not genuinely included the public in the analysis process

— The Forest Service has not given sufficient notice of project comment periods. A number of commenters stated in the scoping comments that they did not know about the comment period in time to write thorough comments.

— The Forest Service only presented science at public meetings that was in accordance with their own ecological perspective.

— The Forest Service did not allow the public to view any of the over 5,000 public scoping comments online or even in person at Santa Fe National Forest headquarters, for over a year.

— Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests are often fulfilled by the Forest Service months or even years after the request is made, and often past the time that the FOIA request will be useful to the requestor.

— The Forest Service has been understating the extent of the project to the public. Forest Service personnel on multiple occasions stated in the media they would only be thinning small trees, when in reality the draft environmental assessment states that larger-sized trees will be thinned.

The Forest Service defines small trees as trees under 9.9” DBH (diameter at breast height), and they propose to thin trees up to 16” DBH.

5) The Forest Service’s project planning and analysis must: 

— Include an Environmental Impact Statement, with a full range of alternatives.

— Greatly reduce the amount of trees removed (leave many more trees per acre) and greatly reduce the number of acres that will be treated. Consider reducing by at least 75%. We need more trees, not fewer, for carbon sequestration and to hold moisture into the forest. Forests that are thinned and/or logged tend to burn more often and at a higher intensity, not at a lower intensity. .

— Greatly increase time between prescribed burn treatments. 

— Leave most of the forest understory, which is an important part of forest ecology.

— Close and decommission forest roads which increases fire risk and are damaging to forest ecology. Do not build more roads or improve existing roads, unless there is a critical need to do so.

— Further analyze impacts of thinning and prescribed burning on Mexican spotted owls. The analysis of this in the environmental assessment is inadequate.

— Do not masticate trees or understory. 

— Keep cows out of riparian areas, and preferably keep cows out of the project area altogether.

— Reduce the amount of prescribed burn smoke emitted from the project by at least 75%

— Do not thin in Inventoried Roadless Areas

–  Consider the potential for escaped prescribed burns, such as the escaped burns that caused the Hermits Peak/Calf Canyon Fire. There is no mention of the possibility, risks or effects of escaped prescribed burns in the Santa Fe Mountains Project Final environmental assessment

The Forest Advocate
Santa Fe, New Mexico